Foxes have been a part of our literary culture for a long time.
Usually portrayed as clever, quick and sometimes shifty the descriptions
are not that far from the truth. They are very adaptive and intelligent.
Foxes hunt mostly at night so they are not often seen by humans.
to catch sight of a fox include the area around Edmonton,
especially light woods, Miette Hotsprings area, open areas
around Jasper. Foxes are shy of humans and encounters are
usually very brief.
Foxes are related to Coyotes
Red foxes are small and slender,
averaging 15 inches at the shoulder and 40 inches in length.
Eyes look sharp and deep making the animal look highly intelligent.
The bushy long tail is tipped with white as if dipped in paint.
Fur is reddish, as its name suggests, and has a white chest
and underside. It prefers a combination of open land and loose
brush for shelter and is usually not found in dense forest.
It feeds on animals smaller than itself including squirrels
and mice, birds, rabbits, amphibians, eggs and supplements its
diet with some berries and fruits. Its diet is almost as varied
as a humans.
Like dogs the fox will have a litter of
2 to 3 kits, most often born in April and May. Like dogs
the kits are born with eyes sealed and the eyes open about
a week and a half after birth. Interestingly, the fox
will bring the kits crippled animals so the young can
practice their hunting and killing techniques.
Abundant foot hairs means less of the toes and heel pads contact
the ground/snow. Look for straight/alternating trails for signs
that a fox has trotted through the area. They can easily cover
five miles in the dead of night seeking out prey.